Intermittent fasting may increase risk for type 2 diabetes?!! WHAT!! (New Study)



Intermittent Fasting May Put Type 2 Diabetes in Remission, Small Study Finds

Researchers say the report suggests promise for the popular diet as a diabetes treatment.

By Melinda Carstensen

Don't Miss This

Sign Up for OurLiving with DiabetesNewsletter

Thanks for signing up!You might also like these other newsletters:

During intermittent fasting, you'll avoid eating on certain days of the week or hours of the day.
During intermittent fasting, you'll avoid eating on certain days of the week or hours of the day.
Liana Monica Bordei/Getty Images

October 11, 2019

Could restricting your diet for a couple of days a week put type 2 diabetes in remission? That’s the controversial claim scientists of a small new study are making as they fan the fire around a diet fad known as intermittent fasting. But many health professionals, including those at the American Diabetes Association, argue that the approach can be dangerous for people with diabetes, whose bodies cannot control their blood sugar without careful diet, medication, and sometimes insulin management.

In the study, published October 9, 2019, in the journal BMJ Case Reports, intermittent fasting, in which eating is limited during certain times of the day or week, reportedly helped three middle-aged men with type 2 diabetes lose weight, get off their insulin, and reduce or get off their oral medication.

“The problem is we don’t treat diabetes as a dietary problem; we treat it with a lot of drugs, and that never addresses the root problem of the diabetes,” says principal investigator Jason Fung, MD, a kidney specialist at Scarborough and Rouge Hospital in Toronto, Canada, and author ofThe Complete Guide toFasting,andThe Obesity Code, a 2019 book thought to help popularize intermittent fasting.

RELATED:Is Intermittent Fasting Safe for People With Diabetes?

The Effects of Intermittent Fasting on Weight and Blood Sugar

About 90 percent of people with type 2 diabetes are obese or overweight, according to the Obesity Society. Weight loss is a known treatment for type 2, which affects the majority of the 30.3 million people with diabetes, as it helps people with the disease reduce insulin resistance and absorb blood glucose more effectively. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), being overweight makes it harder to control diabetes and is a risk factor for diabetes-related health complications.

The hallmark of type 2 diabetes is insulin resistance, a condition in which the cells, muscles, and liver can’t effectively absorb glucose (blood sugar). This causes hyperglycemia (high blood sugar), and in serious cases requires medication, such as Glucophage (metformin) and insulin, to lower.

Ordinary calorie restriction through any diet can lead to weight loss and make it easier to manage blood sugar. Intermittent fasting is thought to go a step further by lowering serum insulin, which triggers the body to burn stored sugar, called glycogen, along with fat, in the absence of glucose from food, Dr. Fung says. These processes (called glycogenolysis and lipolysis, respectively) can temporarily lower blood sugar and cause weight loss.

RELATED:The 16:8 Diet May Help You Lose Weight, Study Suggests

How Intermittent Fasting Affected Men in the Study

In the study, Fung and his team randomly recruited three men, ages 40 to 67, with type 2 diabetes, who also had high cholesterol and high blood pressure. At the start of the study, the authors recorded the participants’ vitals, including their A1C (a three-month average of their blood sugar levels), their fasting blood glucose levels, their waist circumference, and their weight. All three men were on insulin and oral medication.

The men took a six-hour educational course on diabetes and intermittent fasting prior to fasting. For the experiment, one man fasted for 24 hours three days per week, and the other two alternated their fasting days throughout the week. On fast days, they ate one low-calorie meal in the evening, and drank low-cal beverages, such as water, coffee, tea, and broth. The authors encouraged participants to opt for low-carb on the eating days.

Two times per month, Fung and his colleagues observed the participants, and adjusted their insulin and medication to help prevent episodes of hyperglycemia and hypoglycemia (low blood sugar).

Eighteen days into the study, all three men lost 10 to 18 percent of their body weight, trimmed their waist circumferences, no longer had to take insulin, and reduced their oral medication. (Two of the three men completely got off their medication during this time frame.)

“In all cases, their blood sugar was actually better at the end than the beginning despite not taking medication, which tells you the diabetes is reversing,” says Fung, adding that the participants maintained their improved vitals for about a year total.

RELATED:The Fasting Diet and Workout That Helped One Woman Put Type 2 Diabetes in Remission

Why It’s Too Soon to Recommend Intermittent Fasting to Treat Type 2 Diabetes

One of the reasons intermittent fasting is so controversial is that there are limited large-scale human studies that prove it’s safe and effective in humans long term, says Robert Gabbay, MD, PhD, chief medical officer at Joslin Diabetes Center at Harvard Medical School in Boston.

One such study, published in July 2019 in the Journal of the American Medical Association, found that intermittent fasting was no better at improving type 2 diabetes participants’ blood sugar levels than regular caloric restriction after one year. Previous studies on mice suggest intermittent fasting may improve memory, reduce disease risk, and aid with weight loss, according to an article published in June 2013 in the journal CMAJ, but, as Dr. Gabbay points out, “That doesn’t always translate to people.”

Yet Gabbay says preliminary human studies with positive results, like this week’s inBMJ Case Reports, suggest the diet is worthy of further study in a larger population over a longer period of time. For now, he cautions people with diabetes, especially those on insulin and sulfonylureas to lower their blood sugar, against trying intermittent fasting before speaking with their healthcare provider.

Fung agrees, saying medical supervision is key when fasting and managing diabetes. “If you’re on medication, you have to talk to your doctor because they’re the ones who are going to guide you. We were the ones who guided these patients,” Fung says.

RELATED:Study Identifies How Much Weight Loss Is Needed to Put Type 2 Diabetes in Remission

A Look Ahead at Possible Intermittent Fasting Research

Because of the small size of the current study and the potential health risks of intermittent fasting (high and low blood sugar, among them), Gabbay says it’s too soon to officially recommend intermittent fasting for diabetes treatment. He is also skeptical about the sustainability of intermittent fasting.

“The goal is to really have sustained weight loss, and for some, this (intermittent fasting) might be a difficult long-term pattern of eating, which is what one really needs to do for maintaining weight,” Gabbay says.

Fung hopes to conduct a longer-term, large-scale study, but he isn’t sure when his team would receive approval. “We’ve had to fight to get even this published,” he says.

Fung argues that institutional medicine considers fasting harmful despite its regular use in medicine (prior to colonoscopies, for example) and its use in certain religions, such as during Ramadan in Islam. But that may be different in the future.






Video: Why Intermittent Fasting Fixes Insulin Resistance

Intermittent Fasting May Put Type 2 Diabetes in Remission, Small Study Finds
Intermittent Fasting May Put Type 2 Diabetes in Remission, Small Study Finds images

2019 year
2019 year - Intermittent Fasting May Put Type 2 Diabetes in Remission, Small Study Finds pictures

Intermittent Fasting May Put Type 2 Diabetes in Remission, Small Study Finds recommendations
Intermittent Fasting May Put Type 2 Diabetes in Remission, Small Study Finds forecast photo

Intermittent Fasting May Put Type 2 Diabetes in Remission, Small Study Finds pics
Intermittent Fasting May Put Type 2 Diabetes in Remission, Small Study Finds pics

Intermittent Fasting May Put Type 2 Diabetes in Remission, Small Study Finds Intermittent Fasting May Put Type 2 Diabetes in Remission, Small Study Finds new pictures
Intermittent Fasting May Put Type 2 Diabetes in Remission, Small Study Finds new images

images Intermittent Fasting May Put Type 2 Diabetes in Remission, Small Study Finds
photo Intermittent Fasting May Put Type 2 Diabetes in Remission, Small Study Finds

Watch Intermittent Fasting May Put Type 2 Diabetes in Remission, Small Study Finds video
Watch Intermittent Fasting May Put Type 2 Diabetes in Remission, Small Study Finds video

Communication on this topic: Intermittent Fasting May Put Type 2 Diabetes , intermittent-fasting-may-put-type-2-diabetes/
Communication on this topic: Intermittent Fasting May Put Type 2 Diabetes , intermittent-fasting-may-put-type-2-diabetes/ , intermittent-fasting-may-put-type-2-diabetes/

Related News


The 7 Best Salads You Can Order at Fast-Casual Restaurants
Control Your Cravings – Trigger Foods and Tips to Beat Cravings
How to Wear Denim Shorts
How to Grow Lemon Trees Indoors
Acetic Acid Topical Reviews
The Gravity of MS: When One Side Feels Heavier Than the Other
A Go-To Glossary for the Most PopularHairstyles
OGX 3 fl. oz. Biotin and Collagen Shampoo
50 Cowboy Boot Tattoo Ideas For Men – Western Designs
Is This The No-Prick Blood Glucose Test Of The Future
Brad Pitt And Angelina Jolie Just Put Their New Orleans Mansion On The Market



Date: 08.12.2018, 21:04 / Views: 91542